Achondrite, ungrouped
eucrite-like basaltic
standby for nwa 12338 photo standby for nwa 12338 photo
Purchased November 2016
no coordinates recorded

A single 1,127 g stone with brown fusion crust was found in Northwest Africa and subsequently sold to S. Tutorow in Erfoud, Morocco. A portion of the meteorite was sent for analysis and classification to the University of Western Ontario (Z. Guo and M. Beauchamp) and Washington University (R. Korotev), and NWA 12338 was determined to be a unique ungrouped achondrite.

This fine-grained, unbrecciated basaltic meteorite has an ophitic texture typical for intrusive gabbroic rocks. It is composed of ~100 µm clinopyroxene grains (~55 vol%) enclosing 100–500 µm plagioclase crystals (~40 vol%) with minor ~100 µm olivine grains (~4 vol%) and scarce FeNi-metal, troilite, chromite, and silica (~1 vol%). The LREE abundances indicate that a possible unidentified P phase is present. Shock features are observed in the form of mosaicism in plagioclase.

Northwest Africa 12338 has a pyroxene Fe/Mn ratio of 30 (±1), which is at the lower range (28–40) of typical eucrites. The meteorite is another anomalous eucrite-like achondrite like Ibitira, Pasamonte, NWA 1240, PCA 82502/91007, Bunburra Rockhole, A-881394, EET 92023, and Emmaville, each of which are geochemically similar to eucrites but have some differences in texture and mineralogy, and they also have O-isotopic values that plot in distinct isotopic space above the HED trend (see diagram below).

standby for nwa 12338 ox diagram
Diagram credit: Guo et al., 50th LPSC, #1583 (2019)

Further information about the anomalous eucrite-like meteorites and their proposed origin from multiple distinct parent bodies can be found on the Pasamonte page. The specimen of NWA 12338 shown above is a 2.67 g part slice.