Pallasite, ungrouped
standby for hassi el biod 002 photo
click on photo for a magnified view

Purchased 2021
28° 37' 42" N., 4° 43' 39" E.

Five individual masses with a combined weight of 10 kg were found in Algeria near the southwest tip of Ouargla Province in the northeast corner of In Salah Province (Google Earth image), and these were subsequently purchased by M. Lyon. A type sample was submitted to the University of New Mexico's Institute of Meteoritics for analysis and classification (A. Ross and C. Agee; K. Ziegler, oxygen isotopes), and Hassi el Biod 002 was classified as an ungrouped pallasite.

The HeB 002 pallasite is composed of angular red-orange olivines (38 vol%) embedded in an FeNi-metal host (60 vol%), along with minor chromite and troilite (2 vol%). Other minor and accessory mineral phases commonly present in other pallasites were not observed in the classification analysis. The meteorite experienced low shock and exhibits moderate terrestrial weathering.

Hassi el Biod 002 and the three pyroxene pallasites Vermillion, Y-8451, and Choteau have similar O-isotopic compositions (see diagram below). However, HeB 002 and Choteau have disparate olivine compositions (HeB 002: Fa7.6 [±0.1]; Choteau: Fa9.2–10.1/10.3 [±0.6]) and olivine FeO/MnO ratios (HeB 002: 24 [±1]; Choteau: 27–35/33.5 [±2.5]), which indicates they are not genetically related (MetBull and Gregory et al., 2016). Based on oxygen isotopes, Hassi el Biod 002, Vermillion, Y-8451, and Choteau all plot within the field of the acapulcoite–lodranite clan (see plot 1 and 2). However, differences in mineral chemistry would seem to exclude any genetic relationship between HeB 002 and the acapulcoite–lodranite clan. Furthermore, it was demonstrated by Dey and Yin (2022 #2428) on a coupled Δ17O and ε54Cr diagram that Choteau is not related to Vermillion. Vermillion plots in a unique space between the winonaite and acapulcoite–lodranite fields, while Choteau plots in the ureilite field (see the Vermillion and Choteau respective pages. Nevertheless, a potential relationship between HeB 002 and the diverse acapulcoite–lodranite clan is being assessed by Agee et al. (2022 #6428).

Oxygen Isotope Composition of Ungrouped Pallasites
standby for oxygen isotope diagram
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Diagram adapted from Gregory et al., 47th LPSC, #2393 (2016)

Based on all of the data gathered so far, it could be concluded that the pallasites in our collections represent at least ten separate parent bodies: (1) main-group high-Δ17O; (2) main-group low-Δ17O; (3) Eagle Station group; (4) Milton; (5) Vermillion + Y-8451; (6) Zinder + NWA 1911; (7) Choteau; (8) NWA 10019 ± Bordj Badji Mokhtar 001; (9) LoV 263; (10) Hassi el Biod 002. In addition, several pallasites with anomalous silicates (e.g., Springwater) and anomalous metal (e.g., Glorieta Mountain) could possibly increase the number of unique parent bodies. Proposed scenarios for pallasite formation can be found on the Imilac page. The specimen of Hassi el Biod 002 shown above is an 18.3 g partial slice, photography courtesy of Mark Lyon.

Hassi el Biod 002 Slice and Individual
standby for heb 002 slice photostandby for heb 002 individual photo
Photos courtesy of Dr. Carl Agee—UNM